Nov 07 2017

THE OCTOBER REVOLUTION AND THE FIRST ATTEMPT TO SET UP A POST-NATIONAL WORLD ORDER

This is the second article on this blog addressing the hundredth anniversary of the October Revolution (see http://republicancommunist.org/blog/2017/10/21/national-liberation-and-bolshevism-reconsidered-a-view-from-the-borderlands/). It suggests that a wider focus should be taken, situating this event in the 1916-21 International Revolutionary Wave. This means and looking carefully at other places, showing how Latvia, Finland and Ukraine contributed to this wave. It looks  how decisions taken by the Bolsheviks following the timeline of revolution in Russia sometimes had the effect of thwarting the timelines of revolution elsewhere. This had  negative consequences for the international revolution.

This contribution is taken from is taken from Volume 4, Internationalism form Below: Communists, Nation-States and Nationalism during the 1916-21 International Revolutionary Wave, by Allan Armstrong.

 

THE OCTOBER REVOLUTION AND THE FIRST ATTEMPT TO SET UP A POST-NATIONAL WORLD ORDER

 

 

 

A. DIFFERING TIMELINES OF REVOLUTION

 i) April 1916 to March 1921 or ‘October’ 1917 to August 1991?

History records that the key political date of the last century was October 25th, 1917. The consequences of the events, which happened on this day, determined a great deal of world politics for more than seventy years – up until the collapse of the Berlin Wall in 1989, and the break-up of the Soviet Union in 1991. Elsewhere, in the Western imperial-dominated world October 25th was marked as November 8th. The last Russian Provisional Government of 1917 was overthrown on this date. Nevertheless, the date became universally characterised as the day the ‘October’ Revolution began. This name stuck despite the fact that the victors, the Bolsheviks, soon changed the Russian calendar from the Old Style (O.S.) used in Tsarist Russia to the New Style (N.S.) used in the rest of the Western world. History also places the location of the key events of this day in Petrograd. This city’s name too has been subject to change, earlier from St. Petersburg to Petrograd, then later to Leningrad, and today back to St. Petersburg. Continue reading “THE OCTOBER REVOLUTION AND THE FIRST ATTEMPT TO SET UP A POST-NATIONAL WORLD ORDER”

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Apr 07 2016

THE CENTENARY OF THE IRISH REBELLION OF 1916

As part of our celebration the 1916 Easter Rising, we are posting two new articles.  The first is by Allan Armstrong (RCN), and addresses Lenin’s response to in his Irish Rebellion of 1916 (which is also posted). The second comes from the latest issue of Socialist Democracy (Ireland) and looks at the situation in Ireland today, 100 years after the Rising.

 

1. LENIN AND THE IRISH REBELLION OF 1916

The Dublin GPO during the 1916 Rising, painted by Robert Ballagh

 

In the midst of the First World War, following the Dublin 1916 Easter Rising, Lenin returned to the issue of national self-determination. He had already addressed this at the beginning of the year in The Socialist Revolution and the Right of Nations to Self-Determination. Immediately before the Rising, he had also gone on to write The Discussion on Self-Determination Summed Up.
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Mar 06 2015

INTERNATIONAL WOMENS DAY – MARCH 8th

In recognition of International Women’s Day (IWD) on March 8th, we are posting two contributions. The first is the introductory talk on IWD given by Linda Rogers and Cat Grant to the Edinburgh Radical Independence Campaign meeting on March 2nd.

The second is a major contribution to the history of women’s suffrage, entitled Finland 1906: the revolutionary roots of women’ suffrage by Eric Blanc, a socialist activist based in Oakland, California. This was first posted at:- https://johnriddell.wordpress.com/2015/03/04/finland-1906-the-revolutionary-roots-of-womens-suffrage-an-international-womens-day-tribute/

 

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 1. INTERNATIONAL WOMENS DAY

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Nov 20 2012

FREEDOM COME ALL YE

The magazine version of  Emancipation & Liberation has contained a Republic of the Imagination section, which has provided articles about  historical and ongoing cultural resistance against capitalism and other class-based societies.

Our blog intends to look at the cultural debates which have arisen, and which will arise in the future, within a Scottish society looking for greater self-determination, and examine them in this context. This realm of ideas allows us to make a leap now, and enter the ‘republic of the imagination’. These can then take on concrete form in the course of future economic, social and political struggles.

We hope to encourage a discussion on the wider meaning of these debates. Allan Armstrong has written the first article, which explains the thinking behind developing politics in the cultural arena.

One of these cultural debates has centred upon the role of Creative Scotland. We asked Leigh French, editor of Variant, a Glasgow-based avant-guard magazine, to write a response to the letter signed by a 100 Scottish artists in opposition to Creative Scotland’s “lack of empathy and regard for Scottish culture”.

Later we hope to deal with the debate around the introduction of compulsory Scottish texts in the English-language exam for the new Curriculum for Excellence, currently being imposed on schools here.

1.  Cultural Debates and the over the Wider Meaning of Self-Determination in Scotland – Allan Armstrong

2.  Creative Scotland – Distinction Disrupted  – Leigh French

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